Kraut und Unkraut
Kraut und Unkraut
Hearing the word Germany many people might at first think of Hitler, the Nazis and millions of anti-Semitic murders, which should not be played down at all. Yet there is certainly a lot more information worth knowing about this country. For instance, did you know that the first cinema in history was in Berlin? But let us start by some general information.
The Federal Republic of Germany is a nation situated in Central Europe and subdivided in 16 states. Although it holds the highest population of the European Union, the republic has one of the lowest birthrates on earth. An average of 1.5 children per woman - 2.0 would keep the population constantly - is one of the reasons, why it's the nation with the second most immigrants after the USA. Other reasons are the country's wealth and a feeling of shame for its dark past.
The current head of the government Angela Merkel is known (and criticized) for her refugee-friendly politics and considered as the most powerful woman in the world. Besides, history has noted numerous earth-shaking Germans like Johannes Gutenberg (inventor of printing), Martin Luther (theologian), Karl Marx (philosopher), Carl Benz (inventor of the automobile), Albert Einstein (physicist) and regrettably the extremely xenophobic dictator Adolf Hitler, who was an immigrant himself. Before we get to details, let us have a look at more general information in the table and pictures below.
Federal Republic of Germany
head of government
head of state
gross domestic product
3.5 trillion $
around 360,000 km²
(140,000 sq mi)
Zugspitze (2,962m or 9,717ft)
Rhine (1,233m or 1,348yd)
(clockwise from the north on the map)
Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzer-land, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands
position in Europe:
The landscape of Germany reaches from the lofty mountains the Alps in the south over highlands like the Eifel or the Harz to lowlands in the north with plenty of lakes, the coast with dunes and islands like Rügen in the Baltic Sea or Sylt in the North Sea (a part of the Atlantic Ocean). Before the influence of civilized humans the ground was mostly covered by forests. Nowadays half of the area is being used for agriculture and 30 % is still wood land like the Black Forest, that a famous cake is named after. These forests are living space for many of 48,000 animal species, that have been found in this country. To name a few of the probably most impressive (land and water) ani