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Youth Sport Policy in Austria. Analysis and Development of Quality Indicators at National Level Analysis and Development of Quality Indicators at National Level von Witzani, Ursula (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 02.10.2015
  • Verlag: GRIN Publishing
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Youth Sport Policy in Austria. Analysis and Development of Quality Indicators at National Level

Master's Thesis from the year 2015 in the subject Sport - Sport Economics, Sport Management, grade: 1,8, Sport Academy Cologne (Institut für Europäische Sportentwicklung und Freizeitforschung), language: English, abstract: The aim of this research lies, besides an analysis of the situation of the youth sport system in Austria, on the development of quality indicators of youth sport on a national level. An extensive review of existing literature on youth sport policy at national and European level will lay the fundamental basis for further research. Sports policy and policy-making-processes theory will be displayed in the theoretical framework. The research questions therefore investigate what quality criteria could be proposed to fulfill an effective youth sport policy. Therefore, preliminarily the current situation and structures of the youth sport in Austria will be analyzed as groundwork. Empirical data of conducted experts' interviews within the area of youth sport will be evaluated. _______ Jugendsportpolitik stellt bis dato ein sehr wenig erforschtes Gebiet in der Sportwissenschaft dar. Die meisten Studien die Jugend und Sport behandeln untersuchen quantitativ Sportpartizipation oder den gesundheitlichen Zustand der Jugend eines Landes. In der Literatur wird viel über den erschreckend schlechten Gesundheitszustand der Jugendlichen diskutiert, doch genaue Untersuchungen die den Hintergrund durchleuchten, wie das Jugendsportsystem aufgebaut ist und funktioniert, gibt es kaum. Genauso fehlen in der Literatur generelle Qualitätsindikatoren, was eine qualitativ hochwertige Jugendarbeit ausmacht. Aus diesem Grund hat diese Masterarbeit das Ziel, eine systematische Darstellung der Jugendsportpolitik in Österreich sowie auf europäischen Level zu präsentieren. Des Weiteren werden Qualitätskriterien für die nationale Arbeit im Jugendsport durch die Empirie herausgearbeitet. Der empirische Teil umfasst auf der einen Seite eine sekundäre Datenanalyse durch umfassender Literaturrecherche. Primäre Daten, auf der anderen Seite, werden durch sieben Experteninterviews gewonnen. Die transkribierten Interviews werden analysiert und in Bezug auf die Forschungsfragen mit Hilfe der Analyse Software MAXQDA 11 interpretiert. Die Ergebnisse zeigen eine umfassende Darstellung des Jugendsportsystems in Österreich und auf europäischer Ebene. Bezüglich der Erarbeitung von Qualitätsindikatoren bringen die Erkenntnisse aus Literatur und der empirischen Untersuchung ein umfassendes Modell hervor.


    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: none
    Seitenzahl: 169
    Erscheinungsdatum: 02.10.2015
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9783668058767
    Verlag: GRIN Publishing
    Größe: 19213 kBytes
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Youth Sport Policy in Austria. Analysis and Development of Quality Indicators at National Level

2. Literature Review

The following literature review will be divided into four subject areas that are essential for the research at hand. A holistic literature search had gone ahead of the subsequent presentation, which will be explained more deeply in the methodology section of this thesis. Since this qualitative research does not precede a discrete pool of scientific studies that lead to a theoretical model, the literature review can rather be considered as preliminary desk-research, laying the framework for the following study. Preceding literature, dealing with sport policy and youth sport policy, will be presented. Afterwards studies of the health situation and the youth's sport participation, as well as the sport system in Austria will be displayed compactly. Concluding the interaction of the youth sport stakeholder on the European level will be illustrated, followed by a brief demonstration of youth sport in the two elected European countries, Germany and Finland.

2.1 Youth Sport and Sport Policy

The fact that sport and politics cannot be separated is widely spread for years. Still a comprehensive standardized terminology of sports policy and its fields of action lacks in academic literature (Güldenpfennig, 2010). Sport constitutes an ideal framework for politicians, not only because of the high public interest in sport, but as well because of the increasing mergence of economy, sport, and media (Hollerer, 2012). Generally in the field of sports nowadays, a variety of actors from state, market, and society are interacting (Klaus, 2013). According to Güldenpfennig (2010) the interplay of sports and politics has been shaped imprecisely throughout a long period of time and can still be seen as scientific developing region. He accepts the hypothesis that sport politics constitutes policy in the field of sports for corresponding achievement and success, and for the establishment of spaces of freedom where the potential of power can be unfolded in. Sport policy area is in a nutshell characterized by " recency, increasing government intervention, embedded beliefs, a dispersed administrative context and experiences of significant exogenous influences " (King, 2009, p. 20), which all together forms the strategic actions of policymakers and practitioners. Groll (2010) expands the term sport policy by the multiple interaction processes with other areas of society. The term policy itself has been defined in a variety of different ways. Nowadays, the BusinessDictonary.com [1] sees policy as " basic principles by which a government is guided " as well as the "declared objectives that a government or party seeks to achieve and preserve in the interest of national community" . Hill (1997, p. 41) argued that "policy is the product of the exercise of political influence, determining what the state does and setting limits to what it does" . Furthermore, King (2009, p. 23) highlights the policy's characteristic as a process and " sequence or cluster of decisions ", which opposes it to single decisions. Skille (2014) additionally accentuates the distinction between policy making and policy implementation since policy is more than making decisions; there is also a course of actions that are directed towards the achievements of set objectives. On global level, Groll (2010) highlights terms like governance, partnership, corporatism, and network building concerning sport political decision-making. Global sport policy takes frequently place in the interplay of confederations, ministries, international bureaucracy, and companies; all actors with dissimilar characteristics. Responsible for its functioning is the organizational and institutional variety of federal liability of sport, the different bracing of sport in the constitutions, and the heterogeneity of functions and influence of non-government

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