German Soccer Passing Drills
German Soccer Passing Drills
4.1 WHY A PASSING PUZZLE ® ?
"Barça makes the game as simple as possible, breaks it down into its components, the basic parts of soccer, the finely-tuned interplay between ball and legs - an infinite number of short, incisive passes played at the right moment, at the right speed, with the right spin, to the correct foot, to the correct side of the foot. And all of this embedded in the collective movements of a swarm in which each individual always maintains the right distance to all the rest."
(Christian Eichler, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Sunday edition, n.y. and n.pg.).
The etymological dictionary of the German language defines the term puzzle as "a picture composed of individual parts" (Kluge 1999, pg. 656). However, the origin of the term is not clarified. Today it has resurfaced in modern English and is defined as "confusion" (Kluge 1999). In Germany its colloquial use is in connection with puzzles and in this context is synonymous with "game of patience" (Duden 1996, pg. 597).
But what does the puzzle have to do with the selected Passing Puzzle®? If one takes a closer look at FC Barcelona's Tiqui-Taca, it is very similar to a game of patience with at times confusing pass combinations, consisting of individual components of one-touch passes combined with triangle passes, angle, and give-and-go passes . These are practiced in competition-like conditions. This way, the players can act in tight spaces without losing possession according to their own or the opponent's game plan to practice wearing the opponent down, resting while in possession, or preparing to switch play or make a run. 
The situation is the question, the move (here the types of passes) is the answer.
Linking the individual types of passes (the "details" = puzzles; fig. 3 with the puzzle's bottom transparency) with tactical aspects ("What is my/our game plan, and how do I implement it?") is logical and plausible because:
The higher the quality of the individual and team (coordinated) solution possibilities (in the sense of effective behavioral measures), the higher the level of play!
Terms are designed to help the coach or instructor make the situational coaching of drills or variations of plays easier for the players in practice and games with the help of soccer-specific, easy-to-understand verbal images and codes (e.g., the "last second pass"). This presupposes that the coach or instructor thoroughly discusses the coaching content and methods with the players and clearly explains the necessity of these specific agreements.
Therefore, this book fulfills a pivotal requirement of the DFB's soccer instructor training: "Training technique from a tactical point of view," and "Coaching is key!" (Wormuth 2011, pg. 46; also see chapter 4.5). But how? The following could be considered examples of situational coaching:
"No opponent in back? Crank it up!"
"Opponent in back? One-touch pass!"
"Behind the opponent? Pre-action: Get out of the cover shadow!"
"Pass into space? Post-action: Go with the ball!"
"Tight space, opponent presses? Tiqui-Taca, give-and-go, and bounce pass, or tight triangle passes!"
"Playing out of the tight space"? Deep and wide switch passes!"
As already emphasized in chapter 1, situational coaching cannot be limited to just evaluating solutions that are based on the "if-then rule," because most often these would result in "do it right/better one way or another" directions from the coach. Group-based action structures as they genuinely occur in a complex passing game also develop in the form of automatic, but (highly) intelligent, comprehension