Sport Fitness Culture
Karin Volkwein-Caplan, PhD, German and American, is a Professor of Cultural Studies in the Department of Kinesiology at West Chester University of Pennsylvania. She has widely researched and published on gender and racial issues, HIV/AIDS in sport, ethics and sport, as well as healthy aging and fitness. Her books include: Fitness as Cultural Phenomenon; HIV/AIDS and Sport; Sexual Harassment in Sport; Sport, Culture & Society - A Workbook; Cultural Contours of the Body and The Social Geography of Healthy Aging (both with J. Tahmaseb McConatha). She also co-edits two book series with Meyer & Meyer Sports: Sport, Culture & Society and Healthy Aging & Fitness.
Sport Fitness Culture
SPORT FITNESS CULTURE
Sport for every person, all through life, and an intensification of international efforts in physical training, could have decisive impact on solving the problems of today's world. (UNESCO Declaration)
Contemporary sport is an important part of social, political, cultural and economic engagement, action and struggle in the global age. (Marjoribanks & Farquharson, 2012)
Millions of people around the globe participate in a vast array of sport, fitness, and physical activities on a daily basis. They span from young to old and come from all walks of life - whether they engage in play, coaching, sporting competition, fitness and health activities, or even as spectators; and they talk about sports, even if they are not actively involved. Sport has become an integral part of the lives of many people in the 21st century, not only in highly industrialized societies. Thus, physical activities, fitness, and sports can be considered cultural practices reflecting multiple meanings. Sometimes these activities are trivilized as being separate from the real world. However, the book series Sport, Culture & Society deals with issues intersecting sport, fitness, and physical activity with cultural and societal concerns; and thus, interpreting sport as a microcosm of society. Indeed, sport, fitness, and physical activities are also phenomena for social change, since they have a profound influence on social life for many people of all ages in all parts of the world.
The focus of the book series is interdisciplinary and multicultural, drawing from various disciplines and theoretical approaches, such as sociology, psychology, cultural anthropology, history, philosophy, feminist/gender/race studies, political science, all of which are applied to this text, Sport - Fitness - Culture . Thus, the perspectives represented in this book reflect a variety of research concerns from a multidisciplinary perspective, as well as discussions of current topics in sport, fitness, and physical activity and their relationship to culture. Sport - Fitness - Culture is the culmination of research and teachings undertaken during the tenure of my academic life, including the work of various faculty members and graduate students from institutions I have worked at in the United States and Germany. Thus, this work reflects various cultural understandings and interpretations of sport, fitness, and physical activity in the 21st century. It is my hope that this volume, Sport - Fitness - Culture , will aid in improving the understanding between different cultures, various theoretical backgrounds, and the plentiful interpretations of the field of kinesiology, encompassing all forms of physical activity undertaken by human beings.
This book starts out with laying the theoretical foundations for the sociology and psychology of sport, fitness, and physical activity ( Chapters 1 and 2 ), as well as culture and values in the 21st century ( Chapter 3 ). Then the health aspects ( Chapter 4 ) and youth involvement in sport, fitness, and physical activity ( Chapter 5 ) are discussed. Major concerns of interpretations of race/ethnicity, gender, (dis)ability, and body image issues as applied to human movement are analyzed in Chapters 6 , 7 , 8 and 9 . Lastly, the influences of politics on sport - fitness - physical activity and vice versa, as well as the relationship between sport and religion, conclude this text ( Chapter 10 ).
In order to better facilitate discussions about the role of sport, fitness, and physical activity in the 21st century, it is necessary to first lay out the definitions and key concepts used throughout this book. While Chapter 3 focuses on culture and values and their effects on human movement, this in