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The Global Public Sphere Public Communication in the Age of Reflective Interdependence von Volkmer, Ingrid (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 17.07.2014
  • Verlag: Polity
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The Global Public Sphere

Over the last several years, the debate about publics seems to have newly emerged. This debate critically reflects the Habermasian ideal of a (national) public sphere in a transnational context. However, it seems that the issue of a reconstruction of a global public sphere is more complex. In this brilliant and provocative book, Ingrid Volkmer argues that a reflective approach of globalization is required in order to identify and deconstruct key strata of deliberate public discourse in supra- and subnational societal formations. This construction helps to understand the new processes of legitimacy at the beginning of the 21st century in which the traditional conception of a 'public' and its role as a legitimizing force are being challenged and transformed. The book unfolds this key phenomenon of global deliberate interconnectedness as a discursive and negotiated dimension within 'reflective' globalization, i.e. continuously constituting, maintaining and refining the 'life' of the global public and conceptualizes a global public sphere. Offering insightful case studies to illustrate this new theory of the global public sphere, the book will be essential reading for students and scholars of media and communication studies , and social and political theory. Ingrid Volkmer is associate professor of media and communications at the University of Melbourne.

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 224
    Erscheinungsdatum: 17.07.2014
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9780745665030
    Verlag: Polity
    Größe: 1804 kBytes
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The Global Public Sphere

1

Public Territories and the Imagining of Political Community

Despite the increasing transnationalization of communication, we are only at the beginning of understanding the implications of this new sphere on public communication and civic deliberation. It is a public architecture that evolves as a networked space within and beyond the nation-state. However, when attempting to assess this sphere of public space, we are facing an ambiguity: on one hand conceptions of the 'public sphere' are framed through an overarching still dominant modern paradigm which centres public communication in nation-states; on the other, political, civic, and, on the other public communicative practices are embedded in public spheres which are meandering across globalized networks - linking citizens of different societies and, through such an emerging sphere of deliberation, influencing the agenda of politics and, sometimes, governments. It seems that the overarching paradigm of modern public spheres tends to blind us to identifying and conceptually mapping how these new structures of public communication take shape. In this chapter, we will begin to situate public space between specific forms of networks: 'networks of centrality', the observing sphere and the 'centrality of networks', the engagement sphere. In order to map this 'terrain' over the next chapters, we must first carefully assess the ways in which existing debates have defined the 'openings' of the nation-state, or in other words, the processes of 'decoupling' civil society from the national boundedness. This discussion will allow us to address more specifically the ways in which the public space evolves through such a 'de-bracketing' of the state - society nexus, across different spheres of public 'action' within a globalized scope.

In his book The Public and its Problems , John Dewey remarked that 'in no two ages or places is there the same public' (Dewey, 1927: 33). Dewey's observation, made in the early decades of the twentieth century relates to the transformation of the public sphere at a time when the traditional centrality of vibrant community public life in the USA was still functional but - and this is Dewey's point - already slowly dissolving. The traditional public life of local communities was merging with larger, more centralized forms which now began to'mediate' public debate and shape public opinion, which was no longer an outcome of traditional 'local' community reasoning. Such a shift away from the centrality of public discourse of a vibrant local community 'place' of the local townhall to the 'mediating' centrality of national media spheres of newspapers and radio, left local publics - so Dewey concludes - 'eclipsed' and 'diffused' (Dewey, 1927: 137). The deliberative role of a vibrant community public, and this is Dewey's pessimistic assessment, is 'passing away' as 'mediated' spheres of publics emerge where the 'power' and 'lust of possession' is 'in the hands of the officers and agencies' which - and what an irony! - 'the dying public instituted' (Dewey, 1927: 81).

About forty years after Dewey, Jürgen Habermas has identified a second major shift of public spheres. This shift relates to another Western world region: modern European nation-states. In this lens, the shift of public discourse in European nation-states towards 'manufactured publicity' (Habermas, 1964; 1991: 211) and away from reasoned publicness made room for strategically produced 'publicness', a distinct form of public reasoning, which is, however, often translated as 'public opinion' or 'publicity' of priv

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