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Hazardous Waste Handbook for Health and Safety von Martin, William F. (eBook)

  • Verlag: Elsevier Reference Monographs
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Hazardous Waste Handbook for Health and Safety

Hazardous Waste Handbook for Health and Safety

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 481
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781483192611
    Verlag: Elsevier Reference Monographs
    Größe: 14325 kBytes
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Hazardous Waste Handbook for Health and Safety

3 Planning and Organization

Publisher Summary

This chapter reviews the planning and organization of operations in hazardous sites. Planning is the first step of hazardous waste site response activities. By anticipating and taking steps to prevent potential health and safety hazards, work at a waste site can proceed with minimum risk to workers and the public. Planning should be viewed as an ongoing process; the cleanup activities and health and safety plans must be continuously adapted to new site conditions and new information. Planning can be organized into three phases: (1) developing an organizational structure for site operations, (2) establishing a work plan that considers each specific phase of the operation, and (3) developing and implementing a health and safety plan. Coordinating with the existing response organizations is also required as it brings one in contact with experienced individuals. Once an organizational system has been developed, all individuals should be identified, and their respective authorities must be clearly explained to all members of the response team. A work plan describing the anticipated cleanup activities must be developed before beginning on-site response actions. Effective management of response actions at hazardous waste sites requires commitment to the health and safety of the general public as well. Prevention and containment of contaminant release into the surrounding community should be addressed in the planning stages of a project.
INTRODUCTION

Planning is the first step of hazardous waste site response activities. By anticipating and taking steps to prevent potential health and safety hazards, work at a waste site can proceed with minimum risk to workers and the public.

Planning can be organized into three phases; developing an organizational structure for site operations; establishing a work plan that considers each specific phase of the operation; and developing and implementing a health and safety plan .

The organizational structure should identify the personnel needed for the operation, establish the chain-of-command, and specify the responsibilities of each employee. The work plan should establish the objectives of site operations and the logistics and resources required to achieve the goals. The health and safety plan should determine the health and safety concerns for each phase of the operation and describe the procedures for worker and public protection.

Coordinating with the existing response organizations is required and will give you access to a wide range of experienced individuals. A national response organization was established by Congress under the National Contingency Plan to coordinate response actions to releases of hazardous substances. This National Contingency Plan response teams are composed of representatives of Federal and State and local agencies. EPA has designated individuals responsible for coordinating Federal activities related to site clean-up.

Planning should be viewed as an ongoing process: the clean-up activities and health and safety plans must be continuously adapted to new site conditions and new information.
PERSONNEL AND RESPONSIBILITIES

An organizational structure and personnel requirements should be developed in the first phase of planning. This structure should:

Identify a leader who has the authority to direct all response activities.

Identify the other personnel needed for the project, and assign their general functions and responsibilities.

Show lines of authority, responsibility, and communication.

Identify the contact points and relationships with other response agencies.

The organization structure and responsibilities may require adjustments as new information is

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