Changes in the Use of Wild Food Plants in Estonia
This book is a systematized overview of wild edible plants eaten in the territory of present Estonia, with a focus on the systematic changes within the field. Starting in the end of 18th century, when the first data was published, the text is an extended version and compilation of articles on the subject published by Drs. Kalle and Sõukand and includes unpublished fieldwork results. This work covers changes and tendencies not covered previously due to the limits of article length. Included in this data is a general overview table containing all used plant taxa, parts used and purposes of use. More details on specific food-uses are provided in separate chapters analysing dynamics of changes of the importance of wild plants within the specific food category. Renata Sõukand, PhD is a researcher at the Estonian Literary Museum in Tartu, Estonia. Dr. Sõukand defended her PhD thesis on the historical perception of herbal landscapes in Semiotics and Cultural Theory at the University of Tartu in 2010. She won a 2016 European Research Council Starting Grant for her project 'Ethnobotany of divided generations.' Her main research interests are the popular perceptions and changes in plant use, the conceptualization of wild food and medicinal plants, herbal ethnomedicine and ethnocuisine, and the food-medicine continuum of the past and present. Starting from archival research and interpretation of folklore records, she moved on to research the popular use of wild food plants through contemporary surveys and sample field research all over Estonia and later conducted intensive fieldwork on Saaremaa Island on the use of wild food plants and ethnomedicine. Dr. Sõukand's experience extends beyond Estonia; she also has fieldwork experience in Ukraine, Belarus, and Kosovo. She has co-authored over 40 peer-reviewed publications and a book on popular use of wild edible plants, written in Estonian. Raivo Kalle, MSc is a PhD student in botany at the University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia. Since 2006 he has worked as a research assistant at the Estonian Literary Museum, digitizing and systematizing Estonian herbal lore. His main research interests are the use of wild food plants, especially changes in their use in Estonia through the last two centuries, use of alien plants in ethnomedicine, popular perceptions of changes in landscape and ecology, and history of ethnobotany in Estonia. Besides working in archives, he has intensive fieldwork experience all over Estonia, particularly on Saaremaa Island, in which he also adopted a survey on the use of wild edible plants to Estonian conditions. In addition, he conducted ethnobotanial fieldwork in Belarus and documented Estonian vegetation on a botanical expedition. He has co-authored over 30 peer-reviewed publications and has been the first author of a book on the popular use of wild edible plants, written in Estonian. Currently, he is preparing an anthology of the herbal ethnomedicine of Saaremaa Island.
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