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A History of Phuket and the Surrounding Region Second Edition. von Mackay, Colin (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 15.04.2016
  • Verlag: Kris Books
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A History of Phuket and the Surrounding Region

This is the second edition of the only book to comprehensively examine the little-known history of Phuket and its surrounding region. This well-researched book incorporates over 1,000 original quotes and writings from commentators and visitors over the last 2,000 years. It is broken down into 38 separate chapter/stories and is illustrated with over 100 maps, pictures and photographs, many of which have never been published before. This epic story begins with the arrival of the first humans and goes on to cover: the influence of early Negro, Malay, Indian, Chinese, Arab, Greek settlers and visitors; Phuket's important position on the ancient east west maritime trade route; the rise and fall of mysterious early kingdoms and empires; the coming of Islam and Thai regional dominance; the social history and the scourge of piracy; swashbuckling attempts by Portuguese, Japanese, Dutch, French, and British adventurers to control Phuket in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries; the destruction of the 18th and 19th century Burmese wars; the tin mining boom; mass Chinese immigration and their rise to regional power; European colonial pressure and why Phuket was never colonized; the birth of Thailand; Japan's WWII invasion, local resistance battles and the eventual Allied conquest of Phuket; and the island's post-war transformation into a jet-set destination.


    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 350
    Erscheinungsdatum: 15.04.2016
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9786169253129
    Verlag: Kris Books
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A History of Phuket and the Surrounding Region

Geology and Early Men

2000 bc to ad 1700
The Geology of Phuket and Phang Nga

For millions of years India has been drifting northeast at a healthy jaunt of around 10 centimeters per year. About 40 million years ago it bumped into Asia causing it to crumple upwards in a huge semicircle around the impact point, forcing Nepal, Tibet and the Himalayas high into the air where they remain today. To the east the impact folded the land into the high mountains of Yunnan and Burma, which gradually taper down southwards through Thailand to form the verdant and now heavily jungled hills of the Malay Peninsula and Phuket.

Tin, which, as we shall see, was the main lifeblood of Phuket's economy for centuries, is contained inside the granite that folded up out of the sea after the collision with India, which created Phuket's central hills. As these giant granite slabs have gradually eroded away over millions of years, the heavier tin has been washed out of the decomposing granite and settled in large deposits in the streams, valley floors, lowlands and parts of the shallow coastal seabed around Phuket.

Phang Nga Bay and Krabi have different geology. They owe their majestic scenery to a vast and ancient coral reef that grew up some 200 million years ago when the sea level was over 300 meters higher than today. This gargantuan reef, the biggest the world has ever known, ran all the way from Sumatra up the Malay Peninsula, across central Thailand, Laos and Vietnam to as far north as Guilin in China. As the world's sea levels subsequently fell, this huge coral reef was left projecting high and dry in the air. When coral dies it forms limestone which is easily eroded by rainwater, so this great reef is now eroding and large chunks remain standing starkly upright, jutting so strikingly out of the surrounding sea and green forests of Phang Nga Bay and Krabi.

The Indian tectonic plate is still moving northeast, now grinding and subsiding underneath Sundaland (which is the tectonic plate that holds Southeast Asia). This fault line between the Sundaland and Indian plates runs up just west of Sumatra, past the Andaman Islands and on to Burma. It was yet another small adjustment along this fault line that caused the huge tsunami waves on December 26, 2004 that killed an estimated 250,000 people around the Indian Ocean region and left well over 750 dead or missing on Phuket.
The First Humans

The consensus of opinion is that around 100,000 years ago troops of muzzle-faced, hairy-ish, black-skinned humans started walking out of Africa into Arabia. Over the next 50,000 years, moving with a lolloping gait, small bands of these hairy black humans spread all over Asia as far as Japan, Fiji and Australia. They probably first took up residence in some of the commodious and inviting limestone caves of Phang Nga and Krabi provinces some 60,000 years ago.

As these black humans spread around Asia they suffered from what scientists call "small population syndrome", that is, they were spread out so thinly they interbred and started to evolve differently. One group, in the Caucasus Mountains of Iran, evolved into the Caucasian people, also known as the Aryan peoples (as in "from Iran"). Some of them later moved north into the freezing climes of Europe and turned white and blond like other Arctic animals. Other Aryans moved south to populate the Indian subcontinent, keeping their black hair and dark skins but with Aryan looks.

In Mongolia, probably as a result of being cut off by a freezing period of glaciation, the humans there also developed milky white skin, thinner eyes and smaller noses against the freezing air and became the Mongoloid peoples. They have since spread out around most of Asia and into the America

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