Slavery by Any Other Name
Based on documents from a long-lost and unexplored colonial archive,Slavery by Any Other Name tells the story of how Portugal privatized part of itsempire to the Mozambique Company. In the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the companygoverned central Mozambique under a royal charter and built a vast forced labor regime camouflagedby the rhetoric of the civilizing mission. Oral testimonies from more than onehundred Mozambican elders provide a vital counterpoint to the perspectives of colonial officialsdetailed in the archival records of the Mozambique Company. Putting elders' voices into dialoguewith officials' reports, Eric Allina reconstructs this modern form of slavery, explains the impactthis coercive labor system had on Africans' lives, and describes strategies they used tomitigate or deflect its burdens. In analyzing Africans' responses to colonial oppression,Allina documents how some Africans succeeded in recovering degrees of sovereignty, not throughresistance, but by placing increasing burdens on fellow Africans-a dynamic that paralleleddevelopments throughout much of the continent.This volume also traces theinternational debate on slavery, labor, and colonialism that ebbed and flowed during the firstseveral decades of the twentieth century, exploring a conversation that extended from the backwoodsof the Mozambique-Zimbabwe borderlands to ministerial offices in Lisbon and London. Slavery by Any Other Name situates this history of forced labor in colonialAfrica within the broader and deeper history of empire, slavery, and abolition, showing how colonialrule in Africa simultaneously continued and transformed past forms of bondage.
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