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Clinical Cases in Dental Hygiene

  • Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
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Clinical Cases in Dental Hygiene

Clinical Cases in Dental Hygiene is an indispensable resource to understanding both the theory and practice of dental hygiene, illustrated by real-life cases in a clinically relevant format. Offers a unique case-based format that supports problem-based learning Promotes independent learning through self-assessment and critical thinking Includes a wealth of relevant cases for understanding dental procedures and management of patients Covers all essential topics within the scope of dental hygiene
The Editors Cheryl M. Westphal Theile, EdD, RDH, is a Clinical Professor, Associate Dean for Allied Dental Programs, and Director of Dental Hygiene at New York University College of Dentistry in New York, NY, USA. Mea A. Weinberg, DMD, MSD, RPh, is a Diplomate, American Board of Periodontology and a Clinical Professor of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry at the New York University College of Dentistry in New York, NY, USA. Stuart L. Segelnick, DDS, MS, is in private practice in Brooklyn, NY, USA. He is a Diplomate, American Board of Periodontology; Diplomate, International Congress of Oral Implantologists and is an Adjunct Clinical Professor of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry at the New York University College of Dentistry in New York, NY, USA.

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 320
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781119145042
    Verlag: Wiley-Blackwell
    Größe: 37571 kBytes
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Clinical Cases in Dental Hygiene

Case 1
Examination and Documentation

CASE STORY

A 55-year-old Caucasian female presented with a chief complaint of: "My mouth is always dry, and I have difficulty swallowing." She said, "I was recently diagnosed with scleroderma, and my doctor told me I should see a dentist." The vital signs were blood pressure: 159/92 mmHg; respiration: 16 breaths/min; pulse: 72 beats/min, temperature: 98°F; and nonsmoker.
PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Discuss the role of the patient's medical, social, and dental histories (comprehensive health history) in the patient examination
List and describe the five parts of a comprehensive clinical examination
Differentiate between types of findings in a clinical examination including signs and symptoms, and significant and insignificant findings
Discuss the definition, purpose, and methods of documentation
Identify the components of care documented in the patient's permanent record Medical History

The patient was diagnosed with scleroderma and gastroesophageal reflux disease (). She is taking antacids for GERD and immunosuppressant medications and a calcium channel blocker for scleroderma.
Dental History

The patient reported that her last dental visit was one year ago. She has a history of childhood caries but has been caries free since college. Also, she has symptoms of dry mouth and difficulty opening her mouth and swallowing.
Social History

The patient is a self-described over-achieving professional concerned about her health and the appearance of her teeth. She lives with her husband in a suburb of Manhattan, has three adult children, and enjoys reading.
Review of Systems (Physical Examination)

Gastrointestinal Examination

The patient has difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) and GERD.
Cardiovascular Examination

The patient has a history of Raynaud's phenomenon and hypertension (BP: 159/92).
Cutaneous Examination

The patient stated that her fingers are extremely sensitive to the cold. The skin of her hands appeared shiny and stretched with varying degrees of pigmentation. The patient struggled to hold the pen while signing consent forms.
Head and Neck Examination

Extraoral

The patient exhibited microstomia restricting her mouth opening (<20mm), and the lips were thin and stretched.
Intraoral

Examination of the major and minor salivary gland duct openings showed loss of quality and quantity of saliva.

Periodontal charting showed areas of bleeding on probing without CAL (clinical attachment loss).

Generalized fibrotic changes in mucosal tissues were noted with mucogingival paresthesia. Oral mucosal tissues appeared pale and tight with hardening of the soft palate. The patient's GI score was 2. Several restorations and crowns were noted. No caries present. Generalized moderate biofilm accumulation was apparent. The debris index () and the calculus index () were both scored as 1 (debris and calculus covered less than 1/3 of the examined tooth surfaces).

Class I: right and left sides; teeth #7 and #10 are in torso version and overlap slightly with #8 and #9.
Radiographic Examination

No significant findings.
Dental Hygiene Diagnosis

Problems Related to Risks and Etiology Xerostomia Loss of quality and quantity of saliva and scleroderma
Goal: The patient will experience relief from xerostomia due to scleroderma immediately upon initiation of local and systemic measures to stimulate saliva f

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