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Chronic Illness in Children and Adolescents von Brown, Ronald T . (eBook)

  • Verlag: Hogrefe Publishing
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Chronic Illness in Children and Adolescents

Management of chronic illness in children and adolescents often is a multifaceted challenge that requires the attention and expertise of individuals from a variety of disciplines that include psychology, psychiatry, social work, and medicine. The aim of this book is to provide readers with a practical overview of the definitions, characteristics, theories and models, diagnostic and treatment indications, and relevant aspects and methods of evidence-based psychosocial treatments for chronic illness in children and adolescents. Although treatments and research for chronic conditions are reviewed in general, particular attention is directed at asthma, cancer, cystic fibrosis, diabetes mellitus, and sickle cell disease due to the high incidence of these chronic diseases among children and adolescents. Case vignettes and suggestions for further reading are provided for the interested reader.

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: watermark
    Seitenzahl: 94
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781613343197
    Verlag: Hogrefe Publishing
    Größe: 169kBytes
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Chronic Illness in Children and Adolescents

1

Description

Management of chronic illness in children and adolescents often is a multifaceted challenge that requires the attention and expertise of individuals from a variety of disciplines that include psychology, psychiatry, social work, and medicine. The aim of this book is to provide readers with a practical overview of the definitions, characteristics, theories and models, diagnostic and treatment indications, and relevant aspects and methods of evidence-based psychosocial treatments for chronic illness in children and adolescents. Although treatments and research for chronic conditions are reviewed in general, particular attention is directed at asthma, cancer, cystic fibrosis, diabetes mellitus, and sickle cell disease due to the high incidence of these chronic diseases among children and adolescents. Case vignettes and suggestions for further reading are provided for the interested reader.

1.1 Terminology

The International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) names and codes for selected general medical conditions are found in Appendix G of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DMS-IV-TR, American Psychiatric Association, 2000). The most recent ICD codes, ICD-10, were updated following publication of the DSM-IV-TR. Thus, because the DSM-IV-TR is the most recent version of the DSM, we describe conditions coded according to ICD-9-CM criteria. As part of the multiaxial assessment, these conditions should be listed on Axis III, General Medical Conditions. Below are a sample of the codes and names for common childhood and adolescent chronic illnesses listed in Appendix G of the DSM-IV-TR. It should be noted that this list represents only a sample of childhood chronic illnesses and is by no means exhaustive. Page limitations preclude a description of all chronic diseases.

Diseases of the Nervous System

- 345.10 Epilepsy, grand mal

- 345.40 Epilepsy, partial, with impairment of consciousness (temporal lobe)

- 345.50 Epilepsy, partial, without impairment of consciousness (Jacksonian)

- 345.00 Epilepsy, petit mal (absences)

Diseases of the Circulatory System

- 416.9 Chronic pulmonary heart disease

Diseases of the Respiratory System

- 493.20 Asthma, chronic obstructive

- 493.90 Asthma, unspecified

- 277.00 Cystic fibrosis

Neoplasms

- 208.10 Leukemia, chronic

Endocrine Diseases

- 250.00 Diabetes mellitus, type II/noninsulin-dependent

- 250.01 Diabetes mellitus, type I/insulin-dependent

Table 1
Pediatric Disorders from Major Pediatric Subspecialty Populations with Examples of Relevant Psychological Aspects

Subspecialty

Condition

Representative psychological aspects
Cardiology Congenital heart defects Impaired cognitive function secondary to hypoxia, parental guilt about responsibility for anomaly Acquired heart defects Restriction of activity secondary to blood thinner used in valve replacement Hypertension Cognitive/mood effects of antihypertensive medication Endocrinology Diabetes mellitus Nonadherence with complex self-care regimen Gastroenterology Nonorganic

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