Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
As the field of child psychology continues to evolve, behavioral and psychological disorders move beyond a list of symptoms to encompass the 'whole child'-biology, chemistry, environment, and culture are becoming increasingly relevant in understanding and treating these disorders, and must be considered from the earliest assessment stages. Child and Adolescent Psychopathology provides comprehensive information on childhood disorders from a developmental perspective.
Theodore P. Beauchaine, Ph.D. is Professor of Psychology at The Ohio State University. He is past recipient of the American Psychological Association Distinguished Scientific Award for Early Career Contributions to Psychology, has edited several books and scientific journals on psychopathology and psychophysiology, and is currently a member of the National Institute of Mental Health National Advisory Council Workgroup on Tasks and Measures for the Research Domain Criteria. He uses observational, neuroimaging, and psychophysiological methods in research addressing neurobiological vulnerability x environmental risk interactions in the development of behavioral impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in children, adolescents, and adults. Stephen P. Hinshaw, Ph.D. , University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Hinshaw is Vice-Chair of the Psychology Department at the University of California, Berkeley and received the Society for a Science of Clinicla Psychology's Distinguished Scientist Award. An internationally recognized scholar in the area of developmental psychopathology, he is Editor of Psychological Bulletin and Associate Editor of Development and Psychopathology.
Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
Developmental Psychopathology as a Scientific Discipline: A 21st-Century Perspective
Stephen P. Hinshaw
Information continues to accumulate, at an increasingly rapid pace, about the complex processes and mechanisms underlying the genesis and maintenance of child and adolescent forms of mental disorder. Our major goal for this, the third edition of Child and Adolescent Psychopathology -in chapters written by international experts on the topics of interest-is to present current information, particularly surrounding core vulnerabilities and risk factors for major dimensions and categories of behavioral and emotional problems of youth. As in our prior editions (Beauchaine & Hinshaw, 2008, 2013), we emphasize psychobiological vulnerabilities in the active context of environmental forces that shape development. Framed somewhat differently, an important objective for each chapter is to delineate potential ontogenic processes in progressions to mental disorder, signifying mechanisms underlying individual development, with the realization that multiple vulnerabilities and risk factors interact and transact in case-specific yet ultimately predictable ways (Beauchaine & Hinshaw, 2016; Beauchaine & McNulty, 2013; Hinshaw, 2015). Parallel to the first two editions, we do not prioritize assessment or treatment-related information in this book, given that such coverage would necessitate a second or even third volume (e.g., Mash & Barkley, 2006, 2007).
Although the book's title focuses on children and adolescents, I note immediately that psychopathology, in many (if not most) cases, unfolds across the entire lifespan. Most so-called adult manifestations of mental disorder have origins, if not outright symptom presentations, prior to age 18. Moreover, even the earliest-appearing forms of behavioral and emotional disturbance typically portend escalating symptoms and impairments that can persist for decades (e.g., Kessler, Berglund, Demler, Jin, & Walters, 2005). Because resilience is also a possibility (Luthar, 2006), lifespan approaches to the topics of interest in this book are increasingly mandated for thorough understanding, carrying profound clinical as well as scientific implications. The child is the father of the man-and the mother of the woman-given that adults emerge from a cascading set of processes set in motion years before.
Before delving further, I immediately acknowledge the major debt that Ted Beauchaine and I owe to all of our contributors, as each is a major force in the scientific literature. We asked them to integrate state-of-the-art knowledge into the chapters that follow. Indeed, given the fast-escalating sophistication of mechanistic accounts of the development of psychopathology-which are now integrating genetic vulnerability and brain architecture in the presence of contextual forces across development, providing unprecedented levels of synthesis (Hinshaw, 2015)-no current compendium can afford to rest on the laurels of previous editions. The field's work is emerging at ever-more-detailed levels of analysis, with the promise of accounts that should, in the future, better inform evidence-based practice in the context of validated knowledge structures that can be applied to the clinical phenomena under consideration. In this initial chapter, I delineate the clinical and policy-related importance of the subject matter at hand, explicate core principles of developmental psychopathology (DP), and provide a general overview of the sequence of the chapters and their contents. In so doing I aim to set the stage for the cutting-edge advances and wisdom provided in the remainder of the volume.
RELEVANCE AND IMPORTANCE
The subject matter under consideration in this volume is at once clinically compelling and conceptually fascinating. Mental disorders yield substantial impairment, pain, and suffering for individu