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Understanding the Dynamics of Typical People An Introduction to Jungian Type Theory von Bents, Richard (eBook)

  • Verlag: Hogrefe Publishing
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Understanding the Dynamics of Typical People

Understanding the Dynamics of Typical People is a humorous, and at the same time clear, systematic, and well-founded introduction to C. G. Jung's Type Theory. Written in an easy-to-understand conversational style, with examples, stories, vignettes, caricatures, and cartoons, the book will help you identify patterns that exist among people, patterns that make us "typical" while preserving each person's individuality. You will find yourself on these pages, as well as your friends, family, colleagues, and co-workers - and the clearer understanding of psychological type and dynamics gained from the book will signpost paths for continued growth and maturation. Examples of the practical applications of type theory at work and in other areas of life are provided throughout the book, as are references for further reading and investigation. Stress is a part of all of our lives that impacts on personality, and so in addition to the four well-known dimensions of psychological type - energy, perceiving, judging, lifestyle - the authors also look at stress and how the "typical" reactions to stress depend upon our personality preferences. Learn, for example, why during times of stress some people seem to fully ignore the details while others are most absorbed in them. This easy-to-read and humorous book provides a clear understanding of the dynamics of typical people and of psychological type theory, as well as their practical use in real life.


    Format: PDF
    Kopierschutz: watermark
    Seitenzahl: 139
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781616763824
    Verlag: Hogrefe Publishing
    Größe: 2011kBytes
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Understanding the Dynamics of Typical People

Furthermore, type theory is founded on basic notions of dichotomy, polar opposites, and dynamic balance. Psyche is pattered in dichotomy and oppositeness. Perception via sensing and intuition are opposites. In like manner, the objective analytical thinking and subjective, value-based, feeling, decision-making processes are bipolar. The lack of understanding these dichotomous processes plays a key role in everyday controversies and conflicts.

Example: Mr Bates has a conscious preference to perceive with his senses. He has practiced and differentiated this process over time and built certain abilities around this cornerstone of his personality; he relies on it. Given that Mr. Bates has focused his attention on sensing, his intuitive perception is not as developed and he will not rely on intuitions as much as on his senses. It may result in an understandable tendency to downgrade the other side. Psychological oppositeness often becomes a battleground in the outer world.

Obviously, there is reason here. Everyday experience illustrates this basic constitution. If you concentrate on your five senses, you cannot perceive intuitively at the same time - and vice versa. Of course, you can switch to the other side of the scale. But, by definition, you cannot use both at the same time. So the preference that gets the attention gets developed, is used for differentiation, and is found interesting - all at the cost of the other side. We experience psychic energy not just within the tension of opposites. Personality pursues a dynamic balance at the same time. That means preferences do not operate against each other, but strive for coordination. As we mature in the course of life, the nonpreferred notions demand our attention. We discuss these dynamics in Chapter 5, when we talk about the order of preferences.

3.4 DeterminingType

To discern and validate one's type is worthwhile and highly valuable. For some, it's fun and easy and the result makes sense right away. For others, the process is more tedious and complicated. Some people have a clear understanding of how they function and can articulate their preferences right away and connect those insights to different dimensions of personality type. Others need assistance and look for more distinct features to analyze their preferences. Some desire an objective, analytical, and empirical procedure, whereas others prefer a more subjective, holistic, and introspective method. The method you select will be largely based on your preferences, and for all who explore their type, we recommend you validate your results. In any case, the result of determining and validiting your personality type is enriching and helpful.

The objective for self-assessing type is to identify four basic preferences on the four scales: EI, SN, TF, and JP. The scales are bipolar, with one letter on each end of the scale. The scales define the preferred functions and attitudes. We point out that typing cannot capture the behavior, quality characteristics, or ability of a person. Psychological type measures preferences of psychological energy and the choice made between two alternatives. Perhaps an analogy is useful here:

When you reach across the table for a pen, or when you try to catch a ball, you generally do it with your preferred hand. You do not think about it, you just grab instinctively. There is no conscious decision and no debate - just reaction. The same is true with personality preferences. One acts on preferred functions.

Personality preferences are not as obvious as right or left handedness, however. They are, in fact, much more complex. To identify preferences precisely, you have to observe, look closely, understand what you are seeing, and then "type" the observation. Because it is more difficult than cursory observation, we take the time now to provide sufficient explanation so that you may identify and validate your type.

If you spend exte

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