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Emotional Intelligence

  • Verlag: Hogrefe Publishing
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Emotional Intelligence

The concept of Emotional Intelligence (EI) - the ability to perceive, express, understand, and regulate emotions - is still the subject of scientific debate despite its intuitive appeal and widespread popular interest in areas such as human resources, education, and organizational psychology. This book brings together leading experts from around the world to present their perspectives on the current status of EI. It covers theories of EI and assessment approaches in depth, as well as theoretical concepts and research findings on the antecedents and consequences of EI in occupational, educational, and clinical settings. The contributions provide an overview of the empirical evidence that supports (as well as contradicts) many common assumptions about EI and its relation to other forms of intelligence. The book thus reflects the diverse approaches to finding solutions for the still unresolved conceptual and empirical problems, and offers a critical appraisal of the current status of EI.

Produktinformationen

    Format: PDF
    Kopierschutz: watermark
    Seitenzahl: 384
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781616762834
    Verlag: Hogrefe Publishing
    Größe: 2160 kBytes
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Emotional Intelligence

Measures of Emotional Intelligence: Practice and Standards (S.131-132)

7.1 INTRODUCTION

When new constructs of individual differences are introduced into psychology scientists are supposed and expected to react fairly skeptically, critically, and conservatively. When new measures are associated with new constructs things get even tougher.

There might be two causes for these defensive routine reactions. First, viewed historically, lay persons did not contribute valuable constructs and measurement instruments to individual differences research, and although it was psychologists investigating the idea of an emotional intelligence (EI) first (Mayer, DiPaolo, & Salovey, 1990), it was popularized-even within psychology-by lay persons (Goleman, 1995, 1998). Second, psychologists feel the need to legitimize why they make such a big fuss about their measures of dispositions of persons (i.e., what makes their personality measures any different from the ad hoc questionnaires in Cosmopolitan magazine).

These routine reactions make good sense in order to avoid false positives when it comes to establishing new constructs and new measures-on the other side there is the threat of being overly cautious and rejecting new ideas and new measures even though they might be worth being further investigated, developed, and used in practical settings. Being overly conservative might cause an unacceptable high rate of false negatives. Slightly simplifying historical events (see Matthews, Zeidner, & Roberts, 2002, for an adequate description) EI intruded the quiet waters of individual differences research, testing, and assessment in the early 1990s (Mayer et al., 1990; Mayer & Salovey, 1993; Salovey & Mayer, 1990) and sparked strong public interest (Goleman, 1995, 1998) in the construct and its measurement subsequently.

This public interest can be considered to be indicative of the demand that is more or less satisfied through measurement instruments developed within the scientific community. Some researchers are investigating the construct to the best of their knowledge and abilities while others turn both thumbs down and direct the construct and associated measures to psychology's unmarked grave of poor ideas. This chapter will first focus on an important distinction between various instruments proposed for the measurement of EI: the assessment of typical versus maximal behavior. Abrief evaluation of EI measures of typical behavior is followed by a more extensive discussion of measures of maximal behavior.

The latter begins with a description of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT V.2; Mayer, Salovey, Caruso, and Sitarenios, 2002; Mayer, Salovey, Caruso, & Sitarenios, 2003), continues with requirements to classify a measure as an intelligence test, and concludes with a critique and some recommendations for future research.

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