From 'Separate but equal' to 'Total equality'?
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,3, University of Leipzig (Institut für Amerikanistik), course: African Americans in the United States since the 1960s, 9 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: A local schoolteacher in Clarendon County, South Carolina, pleaded with the school board to create the opportunity for his pupils to be transported to school by public buses. In the district of Columbia, African American parents from a poor background complained about totally overcrowded all black-schools and the resulting low education for their children. In Wilmington, Delaware, African American parents were no longer willing to accept the inferior state of their children's schools, especially in comparison to the far higher standards of the schools for white children, which were exclusively given the opportunity to improve out of the educational dilemma all schools in that state were in before. In Prince Edward County, Virginia, students of the all-black Moton High School decided to strike for their demands for 'facilities equal to those provided to white high school students as required by law' (Peeples). Their school was build for 180 students but used to teach 450 by 1951 and has therefore been ruled inadequate as early as 1947. ' (...) In Topeka, Kansas black parents sought to reverse policies under which their children were traveling to black schools far from home while passing white schools closer to home' (Willie, 30). These five cases were combined to form the base of the lawsuit called Brown v. Board of Education in 1954, which overturned the 'separate but equal' decision of Plessy v. Ferguson from 1896. First of all the attorneys of the Richmond NAACP, Oliver Hill and Spottswood Robinson persuaded the students of Moton High School to turn their energies on challenging school segregation, which at that time was the state of educational law in Virginia, instead of only seeking equal facilities. They told them if they would do so, they would represent them in court. Secondly, some members of the Topeka's local NAACP chapter initiated the case which followed the refusal of Topeka's Board of Education to enroll twenty African American children to all-white schools to end their daily lot of long distance traveling to remote all-black schools. Their thirteen parents, one of them Oliver Brown who then became the major plaintiff, filed a lawsuit on the behalf of that children to ensure them admission to the schools closer to their homes. The district court ruled in favor of the board referring to the 'seperate but equal' decision by the Supreme Court in 1896.
Weiterlesen weniger lesen
Ähnliche ArtikelAlle Artikel
Teaching and Learning English at Primary Level. Songs and Rhymes as Support for Vocabulary Acquisition
The Enemy Within. The Effects of Miner's Strike in 1984/85 on the Continuity of the English Working Class