Temporary Structure Design
If you're a student or a professional working in the field of construction or structural engineering, Temporary Structure Design is a must-have resource you'll turn to again and again.
Temporary Structure Design
1.1 Statics Review
In construction management and civil engineering programs, students are required to take statics and strength of material classes in preparation for their successor. The successor might be a generic "structures" course, a temporary structure course, or maybe no successor course at all. Whichever direction the curriculum goes, the basics of statics and strength of materials is the common denominator.
This book has been written under the assumption that the student has a background in statics and strength of materials and these skills only need to be refined. Temporary structures utilizes many of the less complicated aspects of statics and strength of materials, so even if the student did not master the two prerequisites, he should still be successful in the subject matter of this book. In addition, temporary structure design is a very practical subject, and the student should be energized to see that the challenges that this book covers are real construction situations that the student will experience for his or her entire career.
1.2 Units of Measure
At the time of this writing, local and state projects in the United States continue to use the English "Imperial" unit system (feet, pounds, etc.). While most of Europe and the rest of the world use the metric system, the United States has resisted this movement. Even the California Department of Transportation, which had converted current and future projects to the Imperial system of measures late in the 20th century, has gone back to using the Imperial system in the early 21st century. Since England has also gone to the metric system, their "English" Imperial system is now referred to as the U.S. units. Because this text has been written for students in the United States, examples will be given in U.S. units only. Table 1.1 shows most of the common units of measure used in this book.
Table 1.1 Units of Measure
Unit Name Unit of Measure Length Foot ft (') Inches in () Area Square feet SF, ft2 Square inches in2 Volume Cubic feet CF, ft3 Cubic inches in3 Force and Pressure Pound lb, # Kip k (1000 lb) Pounds per ft lb/ft Kips per ft k/ft Pounds per SF lb/SF, psf Pounds per linear foot lb/ft Kips per linear foot kpf Kips per SF k/SF, ksf Pounds per CF lb/CF, pcf Moment Foot-pounds ft-lb Inch-pounds in-lb Foot-kips ft-k Inch-kips in-k Stress Pounds per ft2 psf, lb/ft2 Pounds per in2 psi, lb/in2 Kips per ft2 ksf, k/ft2 Kips per in2/td