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Disaster Response and Recovery Strategies and Tactics for Resilience von McEntire, David A. (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 02.02.2015
  • Verlag: Wiley
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Disaster Response and Recovery

Provides an overview of the various types of disasters that mayoccur, the myriad of actors that are involved in emergencymanagement, and the diverse theoretical frameworks from whichpost-disaster activities may be approached. - Includes updated chapters keeping the material freshand accessible while incorporating recent changes in policy and newresearch - Highlights lessons learned from such incidents andcatastrophes as: Hurricane Katrina, Earthquake in Haiti, Parkinglot collapse in Miami, West Texas industrial explosion, Train wreckin Spain, Aurora movie shooting, Times Square bombing, etc. - Examines typical challenges to be expected duringresponse efforts along with tools and techniques to enhance theability to protect lives, reduce property damage and minimizedisruption - Includes an instructor package which contains: Sample Syllabus, Teaching Suggestions, Test bank, and PowerPoints David McEntire is a Professor in the Emergency Administration andPlanning Program (EADP) in the Department of Public Administrationat the University of North Texas. He teaches emergencymanagement courses in both the undergraduate and graduate programs.Dr. McEntire has written extensively on emergency management andhas been recognized by peers as the recipient of the BlanchardAward for Academic Excellence in Emergency Management HigherEducation.

Produktinformationen

    Format: ePUB
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Seitenzahl: 560
    Erscheinungsdatum: 02.02.2015
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9781118957585
    Verlag: Wiley
    Größe: 26413 kBytes
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Disaster Response and Recovery

1
KNOWING WHAT TO EXPECT
Hazards, Vulnerability, and Disasters

Starting Point

Pretest to assess your knowledge on hazards, vulnerability, and disasters.

Determine where you need to concentrate your effort.
What You'll Learn in This Chapter

Differences between accidents, emergencies, and disasters
General emergency management responsibilities
Types of natural, technological, and anthropogenic hazards
The interaction of hazards and vulnerability
The nature and impact of disasters
The need for response and recovery operations After Studying This Chapter, You'll Be Able To

Understand the diverse sizes and scope of disasters.
Differentiate among the diverse hazard categories.
Comprehend the relation among hazards, vulnerability, and disasters.
Examine the overlap between response and recovery operations.
Identify demands to be met in a disaster. Goals and Outcomes

Compare and contrast different disaster magnitudes.
Define and use basic disaster and emergency management terminology.
Evaluate distinct types of hazards as well as common disaster characteristics.
Predict changes resulting from disasters.
Evaluate the importance of response and recovery operations. INTRODUCTION

Welcome to the intriguing disaster discipline and the indispensable response and recovery profession! As a current or future emergency manager, it is crucial that you are aware of the important concepts relating to your vital duties and responsibilities. It is especially imperative that you are able to distinguish among differing disaster magnitudes as well as the factors that lead to and exacerbate these devastating events. For instance, it is vital that you understand natural, technological, and civil/conflict hazards as well as how they interact with the vulnerabilities humans create in society. Comprehending the consequences of disasters and the changes that take place when they occur is likewise necessary if you are to be able to react to them effectively. Being cognizant of the goals pertaining to response and recovery operations will also help you become a successful emergency manager. These topics are addressed in this introductory chapter of Disaster Response and Recovery: Strategies and Tactics of Resilience .
1.1 The Occurrence of Disasters

Everyday people around the world are impacted by events that produce injuries, cause death, destroy personal belongings, and interrupt daily activities. These disturbing experiences are categorized as accidents, crises, emergencies, disasters, calamities, or catastrophes. Such incidents adversely affect individuals, groups, communities, and even nations. Each of these events is similar in that they require action from government officials, businesses, nonprofit organizations, citizens and bystanders, and the victims and survivors themselves. However, these occurrences vary dramatically in terms of magnitude, extent of duration, and scope. For example, a traffic accident can typically be handled within minutes by a few police officers who file reports and a tow truck that removes wreckage. A structural conflagration may require one or two fire departments, but it can displace the resident or family for weeks or months. When a mass shooting occurs, resources are needed to neutralize the threat, investigate the incident, and address the longer-term psychological toll that may possibly result from these intentional acts of violence. Alternatively, an airplane crash may necessitate the participation of firefighters and emergency medical service (EMS) personnel as well as airline officials and government employees such as a coroner or public i

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