Disaster Response and Recovery
Disaster Response and Recovery
KNOWING WHAT TO EXPECT
Hazards, Vulnerability, and Disasters
Pretest to assess your knowledge on hazards, vulnerability, and disasters.
Determine where you need to concentrate your effort.
What You'll Learn in This Chapter
Differences between accidents, emergencies, and disasters
General emergency management responsibilities
Types of natural, technological, and anthropogenic hazards
The interaction of hazards and vulnerability
The nature and impact of disasters
The need for response and recovery operations After Studying This Chapter, You'll Be Able To
Understand the diverse sizes and scope of disasters.
Differentiate among the diverse hazard categories.
Comprehend the relation among hazards, vulnerability, and disasters.
Examine the overlap between response and recovery operations.
Identify demands to be met in a disaster. Goals and Outcomes
Compare and contrast different disaster magnitudes.
Define and use basic disaster and emergency management terminology.
Evaluate distinct types of hazards as well as common disaster characteristics.
Predict changes resulting from disasters.
Evaluate the importance of response and recovery operations. INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the intriguing disaster discipline and the indispensable response and recovery profession! As a current or future emergency manager, it is crucial that you are aware of the important concepts relating to your vital duties and responsibilities. It is especially imperative that you are able to distinguish among differing disaster magnitudes as well as the factors that lead to and exacerbate these devastating events. For instance, it is vital that you understand natural, technological, and civil/conflict hazards as well as how they interact with the vulnerabilities humans create in society. Comprehending the consequences of disasters and the changes that take place when they occur is likewise necessary if you are to be able to react to them effectively. Being cognizant of the goals pertaining to response and recovery operations will also help you become a successful emergency manager. These topics are addressed in this introductory chapter of Disaster Response and Recovery: Strategies and Tactics of Resilience .
1.1 The Occurrence of Disasters
Everyday people around the world are impacted by events that produce injuries, cause death, destroy personal belongings, and interrupt daily activities. These disturbing experiences are categorized as accidents, crises, emergencies, disasters, calamities, or catastrophes. Such incidents adversely affect individuals, groups, communities, and even nations. Each of these events is similar in that they require action from government officials, businesses, nonprofit organizations, citizens and bystanders, and the victims and survivors themselves. However, these occurrences vary dramatically in terms of magnitude, extent of duration, and scope. For example, a traffic accident can typically be handled within minutes by a few police officers who file reports and a tow truck that removes wreckage. A structural conflagration may require one or two fire departments, but it can displace the resident or family for weeks or months. When a mass shooting occurs, resources are needed to neutralize the threat, investigate the incident, and address the longer-term psychological toll that may possibly result from these intentional acts of violence. Alternatively, an airplane crash may necessitate the participation of firefighters and emergency medical service (EMS) personnel as well as airline officials and government employees such as a coroner or public i