text.skipToContent text.skipToNavigation
background-image

Minimizing the Use of Chemicals to Control Scaling in Sea Water Reverse Osmosis: Improved Prediction of the Scaling Potential of Calcium Carbonate UNESCO-IHE PhD Thesis. von Waly, Tarek Kamal Abdalla (eBook)

  • Erscheinungsdatum: 21.02.2012
  • Verlag: Taylor and Francis
eBook (PDF)
102,49 €
inkl. gesetzl. MwSt.
Sofort per Download lieferbar

Online verfügbar

Minimizing the Use of Chemicals to Control Scaling in Sea Water Reverse Osmosis: Improved Prediction of the Scaling Potential of Calcium Carbonate

A comprehensive and detailedstudy on the scaling potential of calcium carbonate in seawater reverse osmosis systems (SWRO),this bookprovides a new approach for calculating the degree of supersaturation and the pH of the SWRO systems concentrates with the assistance of the feed-water pH and the inorganic carbon constituents. Furthermore, the book highlights the weakness in the present supersaturation indices and membrane manufacturers programs. Finally, the research suggested that SWRO concentrate is much lower undersaturated with respect to calcium carbonate than previously thought. This was confirmed by comprehensive pilot testing where acids and antiscalants used to prevent calcium carbonate scaling were completely eliminated from the pilot plant.

Produktinformationen

    Format: PDF
    Kopierschutz: AdobeDRM
    Erscheinungsdatum: 21.02.2012
    Sprache: Englisch
    ISBN: 9780203802915
    Verlag: Taylor and Francis
Weiterlesen weniger lesen

Kundenbewertungen